النوع والثقافة والمقاومة في فلسطين

Khadijeh Habashneh Abu Ali

خديجة حباشنة

“Through photographs and cinema, we can transmit and spread the values of the revolution to the public and keep them alive”


Khadijeh Habashneh returned to Jordan in 1967 after finishing her studies in Cairo and joined forces with Mustafa Abu Ali, Sulafah Jad Allah and Hani Jawhariya to found a group of Palestinian and Arab filmmakers who decided to support Palestinian resistance by shooting films about the struggles of the Palestinian people and daily life in the refugee camps. Forced to flee Amman (Jordan) after Black September in 1971, they created the organisation Palestinian Film Unit in Beirut, Lebanon in 1973, under the tutelage of the PLO. In 1976, this group would become the Palestinian Film Institute, which was directed by Khadijeh Habashneh until 1982. Together, they worked to make a “popular cinema” by creating a new form of cinematography, using both fiction and documentary. At that time, they established strong links with the international sphere of anti-colonial cinema, from Latin America to Europe, collaborating with groups such as Dziga Vertov and filmmakers such as Jean Luc Godard and Pino Solanas. This group produced more than 30 films, many of which have now disappeared, and they were screened throughout the world even though they had not been shown in Palestine until recently.

With her documentary Children Without Childhood, Khadijeh Habashneh rose to the level of Sulafah Jad Allah, the other top female Palestinian director. This documentary shows the daily life of orphaned children born to the martyrs of Tel al-Zaatar in 1976. She then made Women in Palestine, a documentary that vanished with the Israeli invasion of Beirut in 1982, of which no copy is preserved.

Khadijeh Habashneh has always worked on two fronts: cinema and the gender issue. She participated in the founding of the General Union of Palestinian Women and the Center for Women Studies in Jordan and still collaborates with the Palestinian Woman Research and Documentation Center. Khadijeh Habashneh is currently the coordinator of the Old Palestinian Films Preservation Project to preserve and recover the Palestinian film archive that disappeared in Beirut in 1982.

Khadijeh Habashneh lives in Ammán and is working on writing a book entitled Knights of Cine, which traces the history of the first group of Palestinian filmmakers, the Palestinian Film Unit.


—Children Without Childhood, documentary, 21 min, 16mm, 1979

—Women in Palestine (1981?)


For further information

—Palestinian Revolution Cinema per Khadijeh Habshneh

—Palestine Film Institut- Plan B – Filming Revolution, Building Solidarities

—Patrimoine du cinéma palestinien amb Khadijeh Habashneh

—Entrevista amb Khadjeh Habasheh Abu Ali (2017) – L’Arxiu

—Lost picture show: the Palestinian Film Archive,

—Coming Home: Palestinian Cinema per Annemarie Jacir

—Palestinian Revolution Cinema Comes to NYC by Emily Jacir

—They do not Exist, UbuWeb.